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Forklift Safety: OSHA/CCOHS Forklift Training & Regulations

Material Handling Best Practices, Tips, Information and More from Toyota

Forklift moving a boxIn a workplace environment, most employee injuries and property damage can be attributed to a lack of, or inadequate, training. A comprehensive forklift safety training program is one of the most effective ways to combat workplace injuries. There are specific rules set forth by The Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA) and Canadian Standards Association (CSA) concerning forklift operator training and licensing. OSHA 29 CFR 1910.178(I) requires that employers provide forklift operators training for vehicle inspection and maintenance. Operators must be over 18 years of age and be recertified at least once every three years. The similar CSA standard is B335-04 (R2012). Businesses are required to develop and enforce a written program that includes, but is not limited to:
  • Forklift Operator training
  • Licensure
  • Review/renewal program.
This is an OSHA requirement for every forklift operator within an organization. Every aspect of the forklift operation must be covered, from setting the parking brake to forklift speed. Forklift training is available on-line, however, an operator cannot be certified to operate a forklift through an online course! OSHA certification requires:
  1. Formal instruction in any combination: (lectures, discussions, on-line courses, video presentations, written material).
  2. Demonstrations performed by a certified trainer and then exercises performed by the trainee.
  3. A thorough Evaluation of the forklift operator’s performance on the job.
OSHA has a 10-hour and a 30-hour forklift training. The 10-hour forklift training focuses on training the forklift operator and the 30-hour training is geared toward management, safety individuals, supervisors and other individuals who are responsible for workplace safety. One of these trainings will be required for anyone who operates a forklift. Toyota forklift dealers can provide your forklift operators with one-on-one forklift training at their local dealership. If you have a large group of forklift drivers, an individualized class may beavailable depending on the number of potential operators and your location.

Other OSHA Forklift Requirements:

  • Vehicle Inspection and Maintenance: It is important to establish a vehicle inspection and maintenance plan for forklift operators to adhere to. While training is vital, a forklift operating at premium performance helps assure a safe work environment.
  • Daily Forklift Checklist: OSHA has an approved daily checklist for all forklift operators to adhere to before they begin each shift.

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